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Docker를 설치합니다. (Windows, Mac, Linux) 본문

Tools/Docker

Docker를 설치합니다. (Windows, Mac, Linux)

Tongchun 2018. 3. 21. 11:28

Windows에 설치합니다.

https://store.docker.com/editions/community/docker-ce-desktop-windows


설치 파일을 받아 실행합니다. 설치 과정에서 Windows가 재시작할 수 있습니다.

설치가 완료되면 Windows Tray에 Docker 아이콘이 생성됩니다.


정상적으로 설치가 되었는지 cmd창을 열고 버전을 확인해 봅니다.

C:\Users\jake>docker --version
Docker version 17.12.0-ce, build c97c6d6

C:\Users\jake>docker-compose --version
docker-compose version 1.18.0, build 8dd22a96

C:\Users\jake>docker-machine --version
docker-machine version 0.13.0, build 9ba6da9


Mac에 설치합니다.

https://docs.docker.com/docker-for-mac/install


Docker.dmg 파일을 다운받아 설치합니다. 실치가 완료되면 Mac의 메뉴바에 아이콘이 보입니다.


terminal을 열어 버전과 info를 확인해 봅니다.

$ docker --version
Docker version 17.12.0-ce, build c97c6d6
$ docker-compose --version
docker-compose version 1.18.0, build 8dd22a9
$ docker-machine --version
docker-machine version 0.13.0, build 9ba6da9
$ docker info
Containers: 4
 Running: 0
 Paused: 0
 Stopped: 4
Images: 3
Server Version: 17.12.0-ce
Storage Driver: overlay2
 Backing Filesystem: extfs
 Supports d_type: true
 Native Overlay Diff: true
Logging Driver: json-file
Cgroup Driver: cgroupfs
Plugins:
 Volume: local
 Network: bridge host ipvlan macvlan null overlay
 Log: awslogs fluentd gcplogs gelf journald json-file logentries splunk syslog
Swarm: inactive
Runtimes: runc
Default Runtime: runc
Init Binary: docker-init
containerd version: 89623f28b87a6004d4b785663257362d1658a729
runc version: b2567b37d7b75eb4cf325b77297b140ea686ce8f
init version: 949e6fa
Security Options:
 seccomp
  Profile: default
Kernel Version: 4.9.60-linuxkit-aufs
Operating System: Docker for Mac
OSType: linux
Architecture: x86_64
CPUs: 4
Total Memory: 1.952GiB
Name: linuxkit-025000000001
ID: WVZ3:F3PQ:UH4I:HOI7:3QJR:XHFK:WB3W:YSAP:DO3Q:EGA7:RS7M:OFOX
Docker Root Dir: /var/lib/docker
Debug Mode (client): false
Debug Mode (server): true
 File Descriptors: 21
 Goroutines: 39
 System Time: 2018-03-21T08:11:04.369954828Z
 EventsListeners: 2
HTTP Proxy: docker.for.mac.http.internal:3128
HTTPS Proxy: docker.for.mac.http.internal:3129
Registry: https://index.docker.io/v1/
Labels:
Experimental: true
Insecure Registries:
 127.0.0.0/8
Live Restore Enabled: false


Linux (Ubuntu)에 설치합니다.

https://www.digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/how-to-install-and-use-docker-on-ubuntu-16-04


Docker gpg 키를 추가합니다.

$ curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo apt-key add -
[sudo] password for ngle: 
OK

Docker repository를 추가합니다.

$ sudo add-apt-repository "deb [arch=amd64] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu $(lsb_release -cs) stable"

apt-get을 업데이트 합니다.

$ sudo apt-get update

Docker를 설치할 수 있는지 확인합니다.

$ apt-cache policy docker-ce
docker-ce:
  Installed: (none)
  Candidate: 17.12.1~ce-0~ubuntu
  Version table:
     17.12.1~ce-0~ubuntu 500
        500 https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu xenial/stable amd64 Packages
     17.12.0~ce-0~ubuntu 500
        500 https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu xenial/stable amd64 Packages
     17.09.1~ce-0~ubuntu 500
        500 https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu xenial/stable amd64 Packages
     17.09.0~ce-0~ubuntu 500
        500 https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu xenial/stable amd64 Packages
     17.06.2~ce-0~ubuntu 500
        500 https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu xenial/stable amd64 Packages
     17.06.1~ce-0~ubuntu 500
        500 https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu xenial/stable amd64 Packages
     17.06.0~ce-0~ubuntu 500
        500 https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu xenial/stable amd64 Packages
     17.03.2~ce-0~ubuntu-xenial 500
        500 https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu xenial/stable amd64 Packages
     17.03.1~ce-0~ubuntu-xenial 500
        500 https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu xenial/stable amd64 Packages
     17.03.0~ce-0~ubuntu-xenial 500
        500 https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu xenial/stable amd64 Packages

위 메시지는 docker-ce가 설치된것은 아니며 repository에 존재하는 것을 확인합니다.

이제 Docker를 설치합니다.

$ sudo apt-get install -y docker-ce

Docker가 정상적으로 실행되고 있는지 확인해 봅니다.

$ sudo systemctl status docker
● docker.service - Docker Application Container Engine
   Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/docker.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
   Active: active (running) since 수 2018-03-21 11:47:53 KST; 8min ago
     Docs: https://docs.docker.com
 Main PID: 20259 (dockerd)
   CGroup: /system.slice/docker.service
           ├─20259 /usr/bin/dockerd -H fd://
           └─20264 docker-containerd --config /var/run/docker/containerd/containerd.toml

Docker 버전을 확인해 봅니다.

$ docker --version
Docker version 17.12.1-ce, build 7390fc6







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